shipping containers-transport-cargo

Types of Shipping Containers for International Trade

Shipping Containers for International Trade

Shipping containers, the English name container, can load packaged or unpackaged goods and facilitate the use of mechanical equipment for loading and unloading a group of tools.

The biggest success of the shipping container lies in the standardization of its products and the establishment of a set of transport systems. Able to let a load of tens of tons of heavy machinery achieve standardization, and based on this to gradually achieve a global range of ships, ports, routes, roads, transit stations, bridges, tunnels, multimodal transport supporting the logistics system, which is indeed known as one of the great miracles ever created by mankind.

shipping containers-shipping-method

In international logistics transport, the vast majority of goods transport will use the shipping containers, in the shipping container transport under continuous development, to adapt to the needs of loading different foods, and thus the emergence of different types of shipping containers. This is a detailed classification and introduction.

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    According to The Use of Material Classification

    shipping containers-shipping-industry

    According to the main parts of the box (side wall, end wall, box top, etc.) what material is used, it is called what construction and material composition shipping containers, according to the use of material classification, the shipping containers can be divided into three kinds:

    1. Aluminum alloy container:

    The advantages of lightweight, beautiful appearance, corrosion prevention, good flexibility, easy processing and processing costs, low repair costs, and long service life; the disadvantage are the high cost and poor welding performance.

    2. Steel containers:

    The advantages of strength, structure, high weldability, good water tightness, and low price; the disadvantage is the weight, corrosion resistance is poor.

    3. Glass fiber reinforced plastic container:

    The advantages of strength, are good rigidity, large content area, heat insulation, corrosion, chemical resistance, ease to clean, and ease to repair; the disadvantage is the weight, easy aging, and screwing bolts at the strength reduction.

    According to The Structure of The Classification

    According to the structure, the shipping container types can be divided into three categories.

    1. Inner column type and outer column type container :

    Mainly referring to the aluminum container, the inner column type container is the side column (or end column) located within the inverted wall or end wall; the outer column type container is the side column (or end column) located outside the inverted wall or end wall;

    shipping containers-shipping-container-units

    2. Folding container (collapsed container):

    Refers to the main components of the shipping container (side wall, end wall, and box top) that can simply fold or decompose when used again and can be easily combined again;

    3. Thin shell container (monocoque container):

    It is to all parts of a steel body, its advantage is lightweight, and can adapt to the occurrence of torsion without causing permanent deformation.

    According to The Purpose of Using Classification

    1. Dry storage container

    Dry storage containers, also known as dry containers to ship general cargo, are usually used to ship cultural supplies, daily necessities, medicine, textiles, handicrafts, chemical products, hardware, electronic machinery, instruments, machine parts, etc. This shipping container accounts for 70 ~ 80% of the total number of containers. In addition to frozen goods, live animals, plants, in size, weight, etc. suitable for container transport of goods, can use the dry container for easy loading.

    shipping containers-shipping-cargo

    2. Reefer containers(Refrigerated iso containers)

    Refrigerated iso containers called reefer containers are divided into external and built-in types two. Reefer containers can be regulated temperature control between -60 ℃ ~ and +30 ℃. Built-in containers in the transport process can start the freezer at will so that the shipping container to maintain the specified temperature; and external type must rely on the container special car, ship and special yard, station equipped with a freezer to cool. The reefer container is suitable for transporting butter, chocolate, frozen fish, condensed milk, margarine, and other items in summer.

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    3. Open top containers

    Open top containers, the open top containers no box top, but there can be folded top beam support canvas, plastic sheeting or plastic coated fabric made of the canopy, is removable soft top available crane from the top of the box loading and unloading cargo, the open top container can be opened or no fixed item surface of the container, shipping with tarpaulin cover the top, its watertight requirements, and dry cargo containers. Suitable for loading glass panels, steel products, machinery, and other heavy goods.

    4. Flat rack container

    Flat rack container(frame container) no box top and sides, its characteristics from the side of the container for loading and unloading. Overweight cargo for the main object of transport, but also easy to load livestock, and such as steel can be exempt from the outer packaging of bare cargo. Can also facilitate the lifting of large super wide, super high cargo.

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    5. Livestock container

    Livestock container (pen container) this box side uses metal mesh, good ventilation, and is easy to feed. Is specially designed to transport cattle, horses, and other movable objects and the manufacture of special purpose containers.

    6. Tank container

    The tank containers(drum containers) are also known as a liquid container. It can transport liquid goods, drugs, container load chemicals, and manufacture specialized containers. Its structure is in a metal frame fixed on a liquid materials tank. An international standard tank is a stainless steel pressure vessel installed in a fastened external frame. Most of the tank’s inner chamber is made of 316 stainless steel. Most tanks have steam or electric heating devices, inert gas protection devices, pressure-reducing devices, and other fluid transportation and handling optional equipment required.

    shipping containers-refrigerated-iso-containers

    7. Platform container

    Platform container (platform container) shape similar to the railroad flat car, is a high carrying capacity of the bottom plate and no upper structure of the container. Suitable for overweight and long cargo, length up to 6 meters, width 4 meters or more, high 4.5 meters, weight up to 40 metric tons. And two platform containers can be linked together, loaded with 80 metric tons of goods, with this box is extremely convenient to ship cars.

    8. Ventilated container

    Ventilated container box wall with 4-6 ventilation holes, the inner wall coated with plastic layer, suitable for fresh vegetables and fruits and other goods afraid of heat and stuffiness.

    9. Insulated or thermal containers

    Insulated containers or thermal containers insulation layer, the top of the box and can adjust the angle of the air inlet and outlet, the use of outside air and wind to regulate the temperature inside the box, tightly closed in a certain period fluence of the outside temperature. Thermal containers are suitable for shipping temperature and humidity-sensitive goods.

    10. Bulk container

    Bulk containers (intermediate bulk shift containers) generally in the top with 2 ~ 3 small hatch, to bottom has a lifting frame, that can be raised to a 40 ° angle of inclination, in order this shipping container is suitable for loading grain, bulk transport cement, and other bulk cargo. If you want to carry out plant quarantine, but also in the box fumigation cabin steaming.

    shipping containers-airtight-containers

    11. Bulk powder cargo container

    The bulk powder cargo container (free-flowing bulk material container) and the bulk container are basenames, but loading and unloading using the nozzle and suction pipe.

    12. Hanging container

    A hanging container (dress hanger container) is suitable for the shipment of clothing goods containers. With the development of international trade, commodity structure continues to change, there will be a variety of different types of special or multi-use containers.

    With the development of international trade, the commodity structure is changing, there will be a variety of different types of special or multi-use containers.

    Our company has more than ten years’ experience in producing export taps, and generally, our cargo of about 28 cubic meters will be recommended to go.

    Of course, we also have many types of shipping containers. Examples are flat rack containers, half-height containers, cargo storage roll containers, swap body containers, circular shipping containers, tunnel containers, and double door containers.

    According to The Size of The Specifications

    The dry cargo container (DRY CONTAINER) usually used internationally

    1. 20x8x8 feet 6 inches in outer size, referred to as 20 feet container (inner diameter: 5898*2352*2390mm).

    2. 40x8x8 feet 6 inches, referred to as 40 feet container (inner diameter: 12024*2352*2390mm).

    And the more used 40x8x9 feet 6 inches, referred to as 40 feet tall container.

    shipping containers-standard-containers

    It is 11.8×2.34×2.68m. The gross weight of the cargo is generally 26 tons, and the volume is 68 cubic meters.

    45 feet high container: the inner volume is 13.58×2.34×2.68 meters, the gross weight is 29 tons, and the volume is 86 cubic meters.

    20 feet open top container: inner volume is 5.89×2.32×2.31 meters, gross weight of the cargo is 20 tons, volume is 31.5 cubic meters.

    shipping containers-intermodal-container

    40 feet open top container: the inner volume is 12.01×2.33×2.15 meters, the gross weight is 30.4 tons, and the volume is 65 cubic meters.

    20 feet flat bottom container: inner volume 5.85×2.23×2.15 meters, gross weight 23 tons, volume 28 cubic meters.

    40 feet flat bottom container: inner volume 12.05×2.12×1.96 meters, gross weight 36 tons, volume 50 cubic meters

    As a supplier with more than ten years of experience in manufacturing and exporting faucets, we usually calculate the approximate volume when the customer places an order, recommend what size container the customer should order according to the volume, and recommend the most economical and applicable loading solution. Faucetu have many faucets, you can choose your own.

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